Questions About Bitumen Based Paints

Smart looking barn painted in a dark grey with a semi gloss finish achieved with carbolustre 2000 barn paint

Questions about bitumen based paints? We hope we’ve answered them for you in this blog! Natural bitumen has been used, tried and tested for thousands of years and is known for its waterproofing and adhesive qualities. Natural bitumen is found in deposits such as oil sands and pitch lakes, while refined bitumen is obtained as a residue from the  distillation of crude oil. Bitumen paints and coatings are popular in many industries and leisure sectors.

Naturally occurring oil seep in California USA

What is bitumen paint used for?

Bitumen paint is suited to many different applications because of its weatherproofing, corrosion resistance and adhesive properties. It is primarily used as a protective coating for buildings, structures and items constructed from iron, steel, concrete, masonry and wood.  It is generally seen as an economical option and can be used both above and below water or ground.

Where can you use bitumen paint?

Smart looking barn painted in a dark grey with a semi gloss finish achieved with carbolustre 2000 barn paint
Bitumen based barn paint

You’ll find bitumen paints used in all sorts of situations. A versatile paint, it can be used on both ferrous and non-ferrous metals as well as concrete, wood and masonry. It’s frequently used on metal guttering, fire escapes, stairways, ladders, railings and fences. In the marine sector, bitumen paints are commonly used on boat hulls. Most people associate bitumen with roofing and it is of course commonly used as a weatherproof overcoating for flat roofs, felt roofing and industrial roofing. It is ideal for this purpose as it dries fast which is great advantage here in the UK where it fluctuates from warm to wet so quickly! Bitumen is also used in roofing compound for quick repairs, in mastic for sealing and for glueing roofing felt.

Bitumen is still sometimes used for damp proofing below-ground brickwork and concrete foundations. As it is contaminant-resistant and has no odour, the coating is also suitable for water tanks (not drinking water) and similar applications.

How long does it take to dry? What does it look like?

Palatine’s Black Bitumen paint being applied

Most bitumen paints are dry in two to four hours. When dry, bitumen paint creates a thin black film which has the advantage of being odour free. Our bitumen paint and bituminous barn paints have a slightly glossy rather than a matt finish. 

How long will bitumen paint last?

Bitumen paint is usually long lasting. If applied to a porous surface like masonry it will last longer than when applied to less porous surfaces, especially those subject to long hours of extremely hot sun.  Narrow boat owners tend to do their re-coating every three to four years. Bitumen paint on a felt roof will usually last 2 to 3 years before it shows signs of drying out. To extend and preserve the life of the felt roofing, consider apply a protective coat of solar reflective, bitumen aluminium paint. 

Are there any disadvantages to bitumen paint?

  • For some applications, it is not the most attractive option
  • It is also generally only available in black. We offer bitumen paint in green and our bitumen based barn paint comes in several shades but they are on the darker side
  • Bitumen paint can be difficult to apply in very cold conditions
  • You are limited to what you can overcoat with it as it will bleed through certain top coats
  • While it’s generally reasonably heat and UV stable, its lifespan may be reduced in extremely hot and sunny countries.

What are the advantages of bitumen paint?

  • Usually cheaper than many other coatings offering similar weather proofing performance, it’s an economical option
  • Suited to application on multiple surface types from iron, steel, concrete through to masonry and wood
  • Anti-corrosive
  • Weatherproof
  • Odour free
  • Quick drying
  • Good adhesive properties
  • Durable

Here are some common bitumen paint related questions which we have received from customers:

Is bitumen paint toxic to plant life?

Once fully cured to a dry film, our bitumen paint is not toxic to plant life. In fact it would be ideal for painting the insides of wooden planters etc. Similarly, bitumen paint can be applied to wooden posts to be buried in the ground as long as it is allowed to fully dry before coming into contact with the soil. 

Can Bitumen paint be applied onto OSB Board or Sterling Board?

Bitumen paint can be applied to most types of wood and engineered board such as sterling board and OSB board. However,  some OSB has a wax finish which the bitumen paint may struggle to adhere to. If you can remove the wax, all the better, if not, try a test patch first. Another customer asked whether bitumen paint would cure seeping water through wooden plyboards on a shed. The answer in general would be yes, as long as there are no actual holes present. A minimum of two coats would be recommended in this case.

What precautions to take when applying bitumen paint?

Protect skin and eyes and apply in well ventilated areas outdoors, do not inhale. Do not apply near open flames, sparks, heat or hot surfaces. sources. Dispose of any waste responsibly as it is toxic to wildlife. Do not swallow.

Would bitumen paint be suitable for protecting the underside of a steel trailer?

Bitumen paint would be an economical solution for this purpose and will provide protection from water and to some extent, knocks. The only thing that might affect the long term properties of the paint is attack from salt on the roads etc. But it’s generally a good solution that will give two or three years protection, before recoating is necessary. 

Should bitumen paint be applied before or after roofing felt?

Felt adhesive such as Carbobond, is a solvent based mixture of bitumen, fillers and fibres, formaluated for bonding felt (as the name suggests), so it is better to apply this first then the roofing felt which will (of course) adhere to it. Bitumen paint can then be applied on top of the roofing felt for extra protection and/or aesthestics.

Will bitumen paint cure a leaking concrete roof?

Bitumen paint is an economical solution for this problem, if there are serious cracks in joints etc, repair with roofing compound, then paint over with Carboblack. We have also been asked what products can be painted over a previously bitumen painted concrete roof. Generally, it is fine to paint a bitumen paint over another bitumen product; if the reason for painting is to change the colour, then consider a bituminous barn paint like Carbolustre or Green bitumen paint. We do not usually advise applying alternative coatings over bitumen paint as the bitumen tends to bleed through the topcoat.

Application tips for bitumen paint

Prepare the surface well by removing dust, oil, grease, old coatings and surface contaminants.  A primer is not usually needed with bitumen paint but occasionally for additional protection of bare metal surfaces, prime with  Zinc Rich Primer or Metal Primer. Use fast dry etching primer for non-ferrous metals.

Best results are obtained in warm (minimum 10°C), dry conditions and we recommend application of 2 coats. Use Conventional or HVLP spray, brush or roller.

Our bitumen paint products

 Here are details of some of our bitumen based paints. As always, we’re available to answer any questions you have via our contact page or the online chat facility.

Carboblack is our black bitumen paint which has great weatherproofing properties. This solvent based bitumen paint dries to form a weatherproof film. It widely used in the industrial, agricultural and marine sectors. Some examples of Carboblack Bitumen Paint in use are: boat hulls; structural steel; concrete roofing, pipelines and asphalt surfaces.

Man on roof applying silver coloure bitumen aluminium paint with a roller
Solar reflective bitumen aluminium

Carbolustre 2000 Barn Paint is our flexible, weatherproof paint for sheds, barns, outdoor wood and metal. Our barn paint is a mix of high blend bitumen and alkyd resin waterproofing – not only attractive, but with great protective qualities. It can be applied directly but will perform best when coated over selected Palatine primers and undercoats. Choose from 5 subtle shades grey, olive, brown, green and black.

Carbosil Bitumen Aluminium is for over-coating bitumen based surfaces. It helps protect surfaces from heat/UV light damage, with a decorative coating and will enhance the lifespan of bitumen-type roofing materials. The flexible, heat resistant and solar reflective surface has outstanding weather resistance and durability. Ideal for use on roof structures, storage tanks, silos, mobile homes and caravan roofs. Reflects heat in the summer and insulates in the winter.

We also supply roofing mastic, roofing compound and felt adhesive.

 

33 thoughts on “Questions About Bitumen Based Paints

  1. Toni Hodgkins says:

    Does black tar varnish affect glues used on wood boats if you put it on the hull in a salt water environment,

  2. John says:

    I want to bitumen cover an outside brick wall, at present painted in a dark cream masonry paint.
    What tips can you give me please ?

  3. David Dormer says:

    I have a question, if I paint my sandwich board roof with a generous layer of bitumen paint and spread very small diameter gravel on top whilst wet, would the gravel stick to it, I’m looking to make the roof blend in with my driveway. Many thanks, David.

    • jason says:

      This may work, we suggest trialling a small test area first and allowing a week or so to ensure you are happy with the result before applying to the full roof

  4. TB says:

    I am wondering how effective bitumen paint would be to stick new composite decking down onto existing timber decking. I need to paint the timber anyway before covering it with the composite boards. If I paint thickly enough might I be able to dispense with screws, or is that asking too much of the paint?

    • jason says:

      That might be asking too much of any paint to be fair. The bitumen paint would certainly protect the existing timber but we advise using an appropriate adhesive or screws to affix the new decking boards.

  5. Isabel says:

    It says that bitumen is toxic to wildlife, but it is used on narrow-boats (that will get launched into canals). Is it only toxic to wildlife in its wet state? But once cured and dry, no longer toxic? Any help greately appreciated. Thank you.

  6. Roofing Company says:

    Thanks a lot to you for sharing questions about bitumen based-paints here, these kinds of ideas are were much needed. I really appreciate that you have provided the data too, really appreciative and useful blog for us. Looking for more!!

    • Janet Sykes says:

      Hi I’ve used bitumin paint many years to coat either sterling board or external plywood which forms the sides of our very large shed (garage size) we have just had a guy put us 2 x 4×8 foot panels on one side of this shed as a repaire but he says we shouldn’t use bitumin as it layes on top and cracks and flakes off and allows water to get being then rotting the plywood…
      He wanted to use creacote but 1 I can only get dark oak not black and 2 he’s used silicone sealer in the joints so creacote won’t cover that it just runs off. (OBVIOUSLY LOL). is the an undercoat I should use to help the bitumin key better to the plywood. Pity I can’t add any photos.

    • isabel kirmes says:

      I can’t offer an answer, but am interested, too in this question, for repairing a small crack in my small bath-tub pond: If I let the paint dry for long enough before adding the water again, is it ok for frogs? I’ve done it on a previous pond with no ill effects, using bitumen paint, but interested to hear any comments. Thank you.

    • jason says:

      There may be some issues with adherence of the bitumen paint onto polycarbonate which means it may not be the best solution. You could try a primer such as Zinsser Bullseye 123 and coat that with bitumen paint?

  7. Rozzie says:

    Hi. Please help. I’m so worried. My husband brought home bitumen. I hear bitumen is toxic to pets, wildlife and humans. He purchased a 10 litre bitumen paint for our tiny home to waterproof the roof outside. We live here 24/7. Maybe we shouldn’t use it??
    What cis your experience of such confined conditiins please.
    Many thanks.
    King regards

    • jason says:

      As your husband intends to use this on an exterior roof, this should be fine. Ensure any animals are kept away whilst the product is being applied and until it’s dry.

  8. Susan Pavlou says:

    I have put bitumen spray paint on my concrete balcony floor its been 24 hours and it’s still sticky what can I do is their a paint I could put on top any suggestions thank you

  9. David Dowding says:

    I want to paint the inside of a water tank using either an airless sprayer or pressure pot.
    Can you advise how much I should thin the paint with white spirit.

    Also does it need sandblasting or can I just wire brush the loose paint and small rust patches.

  10. Jim Blaney says:

    Hi I am thinking about painting my concrete garage roof with bitumen as a sealant,but also paint my inside single skin brick walls which can be very damp in winter can you advise would this be beneficial.regards Jim.

  11. Lee says:

    Hi there. Can bitumen be used to coat the inside of a vegetable planter? I. E is it safe? The planter will have a membrane liner but these are usually slightly porous.
    Thank you
    Regards
    Lee

  12. tom says:

    hi would it be possible to email me some pictures off this showing the green colour, im thinking off painting the roof off my wooden gazebo which has a feather edge roof and leaks very slighty so hoping this would fill the small cracks and seal it

  13. Phil Wilson says:

    Hi, I was thinking of giving two coats to the inside of some new timber planters I am making. Do you know if this would be ok and not effect any vegetables I intend to grow in the planters?
    Many thanks

  14. Andrew Barugh says:

    Hi
    I’m hoping for some advice regarding the additional protection of galvanized steel below ground level.
    We have a small canopy to a building that has two 200x200x6.3thk SHS steel columns bolted to concrete foundations circa 500mm below ground level.
    We have been asked to verify that the columns will have a design life of 60 years.
    The steel will be hot dip galvanized (120 micron) and coated with epoxy paint. However, we intend providing an additional two coats of bitumen paint taken up to 50mm above ground level (tarmac path).
    Have you any information that would help verify the design life of the steel? The backfill material is sub base type 1 recycled material but we have no chemical testing to hand. How long will the bitumen paint protect the painted steelwork?
    Any assistance would be much appreciated.
    Many Thanks
    Andrew

    • jason says:

      Hi Andrew
      We don’t have any exact figures on this except to say that a bitumen coating would increase the overall lifespan.
      We would recommend the coating be extended 100mm above the surface to further assist.

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